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Чт, 3 Июнь 1993. English, Законодательство, Новости, Полезная информация

On Legal Status of Foreign Citizens and Persons Without Citizenship in the Republic of Belarus. Law of the Republic of Belarus. No. 2339-XII of June 3, 1993 Law contains all the later amendments and alterations. Last amendments of this Law: Law of the Republic of Belarus No. 300-Z of December 26, 2007

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On Legal Status of Foreign Citizens and Persons Without Citizenship in the Republic of Belarus

 

Law of the Republic of Belarus

 

No. 2339-XII of June 3, 1993

[Law contains all the later amendments and alterations. Last amendments of this Law:
Law of the Republic of Belarus No. 300-Z of December 26, 2007]

The present Law aims at defining legal status of foreign citizens and persons without citizenship what includes establishment of the order of their entry into the Republic of Belarus, staying in the Republic of Belarus and leaving the Republic of Belarus as well as regulation of other legal relations connected with staying of mentioned persons in the Republic of Belarus.

CHAPTER 1GENERAL PROVISIONS
Article 1. Basic Terms Used in the Present Law and Their Definitions

For the purposes of the present Law the following basic terms and their definitions are used:

close relatives – parents, adoptive parents, children, adopted children, brothers and sisters, grandmother, grandfather, grandchildren;

permit for residence in the Republic of Belarus (hereinafter – residence permit) – document identifying foreign citizen, person without citizenship (hereinafter – foreigners, unless otherwise provided by the present Law) that confirms receiving by foreigner a permit for permanent residence in the Republic of Belarus (hereinafter – permit for permanent residence);

visa of the Republic of Belarus (hereinafter – visa) – the permit that gives foreigner the right to cross the State border of the Republic of Belarus (hereinafter – State border) with the purpose of entering the Republic of Belarus and (or) leaving the Republic of Belarus, staying in the Republic of Belarus or transit passing (transit) through the territory of the Republic of Belarus within the term indicated in the given permit and is issued in order established by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus;

foreigner staying temporarily in the Republic of Belarus – the person arrived in the Republic of Belarus for the term no more than ninety days a year from the date of entering the Republic of Belarus under the visa or in the order not requiring visa issuance and not having permit for temporary residence in the Republic of Belarus (hereinafter – permit for temporary residence) or permit for permanent residence;

foreigner residing temporarily in the Republic of Belarus – the person received permit for temporary residence in order established by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus;

exile from the Republic of Belarus (hereinafter – exile) – expulsion of foreigner from the Republic of Belarus in accordance with the present Law;

immigration quota – maximum annual number of foreigners that can be received for permanent residence in the Republic of Belarus;

foreign citizen – the person that is not the citizen of the Republic of Belarus and has evidences of his belonging to citizenship of the other state;

person without citizenship - the person that is not a citizen of the Republic of Belarus and does not have evidences of his belonging to citizenship of the other state;

migration card – the document that contains information about foreigner entering the Republic of Belarus and leaving the Republic of Belarus and serves for controlling his temporary staying or temporary residence in the Republic of Belarus;

bodies of registration – Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus (hereinafter - Ministry of Foreign Affairs), body of internal affairs of the Republic of Belarus (hereinafter – body of internal affairs), hotel that perform registration of foreigners arrived in the Republic of Belarus;

foreigner residing permanently in the Republic of Belarus – the person that received a permit for permanent residence in order established by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus;

permit for temporary residence – the document that gives foreigner the right to reside in the Republic of Belarus within the term of permit’s validity and is issued in order established by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus;

permit for permanent residence – decision of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus (hereinafter - Ministry of Internal Affairs), other bodies of internal affairs that gives foreigner the right to reside permanently in the Republic of Belarus;

transit passing (transit) of foreigner across the territory of the Republic of Belarus – entering the Republic of Belarus of foreigner from one state, passing by the established rout across the territory of the Republic of Belarus and leaving the Republic of Belarus of foreigner to another state.

Article 2. Citizenship of Foreign Citizens Who Have Multiple Citizenship

Foreign citizens who have citizenship of two or more states are considered in the Republic of Belarus to be the citizens of that state under documents of which they have entered the Republic of Belarus.

Article 3. Legislation on Legal Status of Foreigners in the Republic of Belarus

Legislation on legal status of foreigners in the Republic of Belarus is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus and consists of the present Law and other acts of legislation of the Republic of Belarus as well as international treaties of the Republic of Belarus.

If an international treaty of the Republic of Belarus establishes other rules than those making part of the present Law, the rules of the international treaty shall be applied.

Article 4. Fundamental Principles of Legal Status of Foreigners in the Republic of Belarus

Foreigners on the territory of the Republic of Belarus enjoy rights and freedoms and fulfill duties equally as the citizens of the Republic of Belarus do, unless otherwise provided by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, the present Law, other laws and international treaties of the Republic of Belarus.

Peculiarities of legal status of foreigners petitioning for their recognition as refugees or provision of asylum for them in the Republic of Belarus as well as foreigners having been recognized refugees or provided asylum in the Republic of Belarus and members of their families shall be regulated by special legislative acts of the Republic of Belarus.

In case if the other state restricts or violates universally recognized norms of legal status of foreign citizens in respect to citizens of the Republic of Belarus, reciprocal restrictions in relation to rights and freedoms of the citizens of this state can be established in the Republic of Belarus. In case of their establishment the given restrictions shall not be applied to foreigners mentioned in part two of the present article.

Article 5. Responsibility for Violation of the Present Law

Persons guilty of violation of the present Law bear responsibility in accordance with legislative acts of the Republic of Belarus.

Article 6. Financing and Logistical Support of Measures Provided by the Present Law

Financing and logistical support of measures provided by the present law are performed at the cost of the means of republican budget envisaged for maintenance of appropriate republican bodies of state administration of the Republic of Belarus and other sources in accordance with legislation of the Republic of Belarus.

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