Тюрьма - специальный проект
Загрузить Adobe Flash Player
 









Рейтинг@Mail.ru

Чт, 17 Дек 1992. English, Законодательство, Новости

On Freedom of Conscience and Religious Organisations. Law of the Republic of Belarus. No. 2054-XII of December 17, 1992. The Law is in the edition of the Law of the Republic of Belarus No. 137-Z of October 31, 2002; amended as of July 21, 2008

Страницы: 1 2 3 4 5

On Freedom of Conscience and Religious Organisations

 

Law of the Republic of Belarus

 

No. 2054-XII of December 17, 1992

 

[The Law is in the edition of the Law of the Republic of Belarus No. 137-Z of October 31, 2002; amended as of July 21, 2008]

The present Law regulates legal relationships in the sphere of the human and civil rights to freedom of conscience and religion, and also determines the legal basis of creating the religious organizations and their activity based on:

Right of every person to freedom of conscience and religion and also to equal protection of the Law regardless of the attitude towards religion;

Equality of religions in front of the Law;

Recognition of a determining role of the Orthodox church in historical formation and development of spiritual, cultural and state traditions of Belarusian people;

Inseparability from the general history of people of the Republic of Belarus of Evangelic Lutheran church, Judaism and an Islam;

Necessity to assist the achievement of mutual understanding, tolerance and respect of religious feelings of citizens in questions of freedom of conscience and religion.

Chapter 1. General Provisions

Article 1. Objectives of the Present Law.

Objectives of the present Law are: providing and guaranteeing of the right of every person to freedom of conscience and religion, to social justice, equality, protection of rights and interests regardless of the attitude towards religion and regardless of religious membership, to freedom of association to religious organizations.
Article 2. Legislation of the Republic of Belarus.

The legislation of the Republic of Belarus on freedom of conscience and religion is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus and consist of the Present Law and other legal normative acts of the Republic of Belarus.
Article 3. The Basic Terms and the Concepts Used in the Present Law.

In the Present Law the following terms and concepts are used:

Religion- an outlook and attitude, and also behavior complying to them and the specific actions (cult) based on belief in supernatural;

Creed- a developed dogma of any religion with traditional cult practice;

Divine service- the set of cult ceremonies and the actions made by clergymen under the developed ritual and arising from the requirement of religious dogma;

Religious practices - the set of the actions established by religious dogma in which religious ideas are embodied;

Religious rituals and ceremonies- the order of performing religious actions established by the religious dogma;

The religious cult- a main kind of the religious activity consisting in certain behavior and specific actions expressing the religious worship of supernatural;

Religious property- things and other material objects (buildings, church plate etc.) needed for conducting the religious practices, rituals, ceremonies;

Clergyman - a person authorized by the appropriate religious association to confession, vicarial, preaching service;

Pilgrimage- visiting by believers of historically significant places to worship relics of the given religion;

Religious activity- the activity directed on satisfaction of religious needs of believers, expansion of religions, religious education, conducting divine services, prayerful assemblies, training of clergymen, and also other activity directed on organizational and material maintenance of the cult practice of the religious organization (publishing and distribution of the religious literature, manufacturing and distribution of subjects of cult, manufacture vestments for clergymen and other activities);

Citizens- citizens of the Republic of Belarus, and also foreign citizens and persons without the citizenship, constantly residing in the Republic of Belarus, if otherwise is not established by the present law.;
Article 4. Right to the Freedom of Conscience.

Every person has the right to freedom of choice of atheistic or religious beliefs, namely: to determine independently the attitude towards religion, on his own or together with others to profess any religion or not to profess any.
Article 5. Right to Freedom of Creed.

Every person has the right to freely choose, have, change, express, and spread religious beliefs and to operate according to them, to participate in practicing the religious cults, rituals, ceremonies not forbidden by the law.

Nobody is obliged to inform about his attitude towards religion and cannot be exposed to any compulsion at determining of the attitude towards religion or confession of this or that religion, to participation or nonparticipation in activity of religious organizations.

Parents or the person substituting them at the mutual consent shall have the right to bring up their children according to the own attitude towards religion. The state can not interfere with education of the child based on certain religious outlook of parents or persons backup them except for cases when prompting to religious actions threatens directly the life or health of the child, or violates his legitimate rights.
Article 6. Equality of Religions.

Religions and creeds are equal in front of the Law.

Ideology of religious organizations can’t be settled as obligatory for citizens.
Article 7. Equal Rights of Citizens.

Citizens are equal in front of the law regardless of their attitude towards religion.

In official documents attitude of the citizen towards religion is not indicated, except for the cases when the citizen wishes so.

Obstructing the realization of rights to freedom of conscience and religion, and also the establishment of any advantages or restrictions of rights of citizens depending on their attitude to religion are not be allowed and shall be prosecuted by the law.

Nobody shall evade on motives of the religious beliefs from execution of the duties established by the law.
Article 8. The State and Religion.

Mutual relations of the state and religious organizations are regulated by the law with the consideration of their influence on forming the spiritual, cultural and state traditions of Belarusian people.

The state does not impose the performance of any state functions on the religious organizations, does not interfere with activity of the religious organizations, if it does not contradict the legislation of the Republic of Belarus.

The religious organizations have the right to participate in public life and also to use the state mass media in the order established by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus.

The religious organizations do not participate in activity of political parties and other public associations pursuing political aims and do not render them financial and other support.

In places of divine services use of the state symbols, holding of assemblies, meetings, prelection campaign and other actions of political character, and also speeches and appeals offending representative of the bodies of government, officials and individuals are not allowed.

The state promotes the establishment of relations of tolerance and respect between the citizens professing and not professing religion, the religious organizations of various creeds. The state can build the mutual relations with religious associations by concluding with them agreements according to the civil legislation of the Republic of Belarus.
Article 9. Education and Religion.

The national education system in the Republic of Belarus has secular character and does not pursue the purpose of formation of this or that attitude to religion.

Citizens have the right to equal opportunities to access the national education system regardless of their attitude to religion.

In educational establishments the creation of religious organizations and its anonymous or other activity contradicting to the legislation are not allowed.

Educational establishments in questions of educational activity on the basis of written applications of parents or persons substituting them in non learning time can interact with the registered religious organizations with view of their influence on formation of spiritual, cultural and state traditions of Belarusian people. The order, conditions, the contents and forms of such interaction are determined by the Councils of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus as agreed with the President of the Republic of Belarus.

The religious organizations registered in the order established by the present law have the right to create in accordance with their charter educational groups and Sunday schools for religious education of children using for this purpose the premises belonging them or granted to for usage except for the premises belonging to official educational establishments.

Страницы: 1 2 3 4 5


<<< Главная страница